Polenov Neurosurgical Institute


Alexei Ulitin
Director of the Institute, honoured doctor of the Russian Federation

Polenov Neurosurgical Institute is the oldest institution in Russia and the first scientific and practical neurosurgical institute in the world. It was opened in May 1926 on the initiative of professors Alexei Molotkov and Sergey Fedorov and has a long history of development. Polenov Neurosurgical Institute has been a branch of the Almazov National Medical Research Centre since 2014.

In 2015, Polenov Neurosurgical Institute was ranked among the best clinics of St. Petersburg in neurology and neurosurgery.

Today, its research is mainly focused on the development and enhancement of the existing methods for the diagnosis and treatment of neurosurgical diseases as well as studies of the epidemiology, short-term and long-term outcomes.

Main research areas:

  • Pathoanatomical and pathophysiological developments associated with the fundamental issues in modern neurosurgery.
  • Improving the methods of diagnosing, preventing and treating the complications and consequences of acute central nervous system (CNS) injury.
  • Developing new diagnostic and treatment methods for injuries and diseases of the peripheral nervous system.
  • Improving the diagnostic and treatment methods for stenosis and thrombosis of extra- and intracranial vessels, aneurysms of various sites, fusiform, giant and multiple aneurysms, deep-seated and giant arteriovenous malformations, arterio-sinus fistula.
  • Studying the epidemiology and organization of neurosurgical care, developing new diagnostic and treatment methods for brain tumors.
  • Developing new diagnostic and treatment techniques for neurosurgical diseases in children.
  • Cerebral protection and restoration of its functions in neurosurgical patients with CNS disease at various stages of treatment.
  • Studying the neurophysiological and pathogenetic mechanisms and improving the diagnostic system and functional neurosurgery for drug-resistant forms of focal, multifocal and generalized epilepsy in adults and children.


Specialists from the Almazov Centre give a master class on endovascular neurosurgery in Mongolia

Neurosurgeons of the Almazov Centre take part in international events

Delegation from the Almazov Centre takes part in the 13th European Congress on Epileptology


Neurosurgery Research Department

  • Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Unit
  • Pediatric Surgery Unit
  • Surgery Unit for CNS and PNS Diseases
  • Surgery Unit for Brain and Spinal Tumors 1 and 2
  • Cerebral Vascular Surgery Unit
  • Functional Neurosurgery Unit

Research Department for Clinical Neurophysiology and Epileptology

  • Comprehensive Functional Diagnostic Laboratory
  • Research Laboratory for Cerebrovascular Disorders
  • Clinical Neurophysiology and Epileptology Department
  • Neurophysiology Unit
  • Epilepsy Treatment Centre

Research Department for Neurosurgical Pathomorphology, Diagnostic Radiology and Laboratory Diagnostics

  • Diagnostic Radiology Group
  • Pathology Laboratory
  • Clinical Morphology Unit

Neurology Research Department

  • Research Laboratory for Cerebrovascular Disorders
  • Neurorehabilitation Laboratory
  • Neurology Research Laboratory

Research Unit

Neurosurgical Service Organization Unit

The Institute has very well equipped operating rooms with facilities for complex surgeries. There are 15 departments. A comprehensive diagnostic and treatment process is ensured by a multidisciplinary team of highly qualified specialists including not only neurosurgeons but also neurologists, intensive care specialists, diagnostic radiologists, internists, pediatricians, neuro-ophthalmologists and many others. The Institute has laboratories of electrophysiology, biochemistry, cerebral blood flow and other specialized laboratories.

Address: 12 Mayakovskogo street, St. Petersburg
Phone: +7 (812) 670-44-23 (help desk and consultation department)